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Agriculture and Animal Science (AGR)

AGR 1011  Agricultural Techniques I  (2)                                                                  fall
This course is designed to facilitate a successful transition to college and focuses on four primary areas: orientation to the college and academic programs; development of basic agricultural skills; interpersonal development; and an introduction to agriculture-related careers. In an informal laboratory, students will be exposed to the practical skills necessary to succeed within the agricultural curriculum under the supervision of experienced farm staff. Students will be introduced to student rights & responsibilities, will learn how to interact with faculty and classmates,  will explore agricultural careers, will learn good time management, and will learn how to enhance academic performance; 1 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week, plus two weeks of farm work experience. Prerequisite: None

AGR 1012  Agricultural Techniques II  (1)                                                           spring
This is a continuation of AGR 1011 in which the student must select an area for independent study through a work experience project. Students work closely with the farm staff to complete their selected topics during the semester; 2 hours of laboratory per week, plus one week of required farm work experience. Prerequisite: None

AGR 1030  Animal Reproduction and Genetics  (3)                                          spring
Students are expected to develop knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems and the estrous cycle in farm animals. The course includes an understanding of simple Mendelian and quantitative genetic principles. Students are expected to develop sound breeding and selection systems; 3 hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: None

AGR 1050  Livestock Production  (3)                                                             fall
This course focuses on the study and discussion of livestock applicable to the New England agricultural industry. Cell biology, beef cattle, sheep, swine, poultry, and horses are covered. Breeding, feeding, and management topics are presented in a technical and practical manner; 3 hours lecture per week. Prerequisite: None

AGR 1061  Burls to Boards (3)                                                             fall
Students will understand the principles of tree harvesting for wood product production. The choosing, cutting, skidding, and milling of common types of lumber in Vermont will be discussed and practiced. Successful students will be able to manage small woodlots for efficient personal production of lumber products upon completion; 2 hours of lecture, 3 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: AGR 1011 or instructor permission

AGR 2011  Dairy Herd Management I  (3)                                                                  fall
This course concentrates on the profitable care and management of a dairy herd. Detailed practices that are essential to operating a modern, efficient dairy herd are presented in lecture. These principles are reinforced in laboratory experiences that utilize the college herd. Various field trips are planned to complement what is taught in lecture and laboratory. Active student participation is expected. Dairy Herd Management I deals with record keeping and the development and implementation of breeding and feeding programs that will accomplish a desired set of goals. Students also learn how to manage the reproductive performance of the herd as well as how to raise quality herd replacements. Further covered is the production of quality milk and the ability to identify weaknesses in a dairy operation; 2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: AGR 1030, 2030 or instructor permission

AGR 2012  Dairy Herd Management II  (3)                                                          spring
A continuation of Dairy Herd Management I with emphasis on execution of the objectives identified in AGR 2011 and BUS 2260 as it pertains to business on a dairy farm; 2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: AGR 2012 or instructor permission

AGR 2020  Farm Buildings  (2)                                                                      fall
Farmstead planning and basic structural concepts for farm buildings are emphasized. Subtopics include construction materials and methods, environmental issues, waste management, feeding systems, and housing systems. 2 hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: None

AGR 2030  Animal Nutrition  (4)                                                             spring
This is a course in the fundamentals of livestock feeding. It includes the study of the nutritive characteristics of forages, grains, and grain products as feeds for different farm animals. Students will be asked to develop livestock rations and feeding programs based on the available feedstuffs and needs for maintenance, growth, and production. Typical applications may center on the collegeís dairy herd and/or the studentís home farm; 3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week for the first half of the term. Prerequisite: None

AGR 2040  Forage Production  (3)                                                                     fall
In this course, emphasis is given to the production of forage and pasture crops for New England dairy farms. Topics include the selection of adapted crops, varieties, seed mixtures, and soil sites, along with soil preparation, seeding methods, and crop management. Harvesting for best digestible energy and protein is stressed as is the growing of alfalfa and corn; 2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week for the first half of the semester. Prerequisite: None

AGR 2050  Large Animal Diseases  (3)                                                             spring
This course includes discussion of those diseases which are of major importance in the husbandry of food animals, with special emphasis on herd and flock health. To further studentsí understanding of diseases and disease prevention, basic pathological changes and immunological processes involved in the occurrence and prevention of disease are described; 3 hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: None

AGR 2060  Beef Production  (2)                                                            spring
An introductory course in beef production that addresses topics including: marketing and price-making forces; the biological cycle of the beef cow; beef genetics; and the application of genetic principles to beef herd breeding programs. Reproductive management of cows, bulls, and heifers; principles of nutrition; and animal health issues will also be discussed; 1 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: None

AGR 2110  Sheep Production  (2)                                             as required
This is an introductory course in sheep production, including a presentation of intensive and extensive production models; life cycle management of the ewe; flock health and parasite control; ram health and fertility; and management of reproduction. Methods for measuring and monitoring flock performance will also be presented; 1 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: None

AGR 2720  Issues and Trends in Agriculture  (2)                                                     fall
This course emphasizes new ideas in agriculture and some of the primary issues impacting animal agriculture. Students investigate new and/or alternative production methods with emphasis on sustainable agriculture and work to ably represent agricultural strategies both in oral and written forms. Field trips and guest speakers provide students with the opportunity to evaluate societal concerns about various aspects of modern production agriculture; 2 hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

AGR 3020  Advanced Livestock Production (3)                                                 spring
In this course, students learn the reproduction, nutrition, house, and financial requirements of profitable Vermont livestock operations. Swine, poultry, and small ruminant dairy will be covered in detail. Emerging livestock production including camelids, meat goats, ostriches, and emus will be covered; 3  hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: AGR 1030, 1050, and 2030

AGR 3030  Advanced Dairy Cattle Nutrition (3)                                                 spring
Students in this course will analyze and develop rations for dairy cattle. Students will be able to troubleshoot existing rations and make recommendations for improvement of dairy rations. This course will be lab-intensive; 1  hour of lecture, 4 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: AGR 2030

AGR 3040  Maple Production: Science and Practice (3)                                  spring
Current information relating to all aspects of maple production will be presented. Principles and practical application of sugarbush management, sap production, maple production facilities and equipment; maple syrup production; product packaging and marketing; and operator safety will be covered; 2  hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: LAH 1050 and BIO 1220

AGR 3050  Advanced Nutrient Management (3)                                                             spring
This course discusses the management of plant requirements for maximum production of plant crops. Special emphasis is placed on nutrient budgeting and use of manure-based fertilizers. Successful students will be able to interpret soil tests and make recommendations for soil amendments that benefit the farmer and the environment; 3  hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: LAH 1050 or CET 2110 and SDT 3130

AGR 3110  Apples, Berries, and Bees (3)                                                                 fall
The production requirements of apples, common berries, and honey bees will be discussed in this course. Plant or species selection, growing requirements, disease prevention, and harvesting will be discussed for each. Successful students will feel confident managing production of each of these agricultural products; 3  hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: AGR 3050, BIO 1220, or instructor permission

AGR 3111  Vegetable and Fruit Production (3)                                                  spring
Students will learn the basic principles of planning, managing, and marketing for vegetable crop production. The focus will be on techniques used in commercial production and emphasis will be placed on learning the different plant families and how to grow the major crops. Basic methods for dealing with pest and disease management will be discussed and major pests and diseases affecting the northeast will be identified. Post-harvest issues will also be covered such as storage, handling, and different marketing options; 3  hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: BIO 1220 or LAH 1050